Miscellany

1912 Boston Medical and Surgical Journal  
23. Rogers reports excellent results from treatment of Asiatic cholera among Europeans, during the recent epidemic at Palermo, by intravenous saline and permanganate infusions. 31. Jordan presents a careful and extensive study of enteric stasis, illustrated by excellent x-rays. 32. Sandilands analyzes the statistics of the decline of incidence and mortality of smallpox in London since the establishment of general notification and isolation in 1885, and on this basis ventures a prognosis on the
more » ... uture history of the disease. 48. Weber discusses the phylogenetic aspects of hysteria and pathomimia in their relation to sex characteristics. 49. Boyer reports, with excellent microscopic plates, the complete pathologic examination of a patient of forty-one years with obstetrical paralysis. 56. The authors present an admirable discussion of the psychic and physiologic correlations of menstruation and its disturbances. 70. Priestley presents an extensive bactériologie study of the diphtheroid organisms, of which he identifies, differentiates and tabulates forty-nine distinct strains. 71. Dean records an elaborate experimental study of the relations between complement-fixation and precipitateformation, illustrated by diagrams. Company, and now removing to Manhattan, he built up a large private practice there. He was especially interested in the treatment of rheumatism, diabetes and Bright's disease, and devoted much attention to the subject of diet in such affections. Dr. Turner always retained a lively interest in the place of his birth. He became possessed of one of the largest and best equipped farms in the state, which was renowned for its fine Guernseys and extensive orchards, and in 1910 was elected to the Maine legislature. Miscellany. PHOSPHORUS NECROSIS AND THE ESCH BILL. In the issue of the Journal for Jan. 18, we commented on the " provisions of the Esch bill " now pending before the national Congress. The following letter, which appeared recently in the daily press, presents some interesting additional data relative to this bill. " May I call the attention of your readers to the Esch Phosphorus Bill, the main feature of which is a stamp tax of one cent a hundred on matches containing poisonous phosphorus, to wit, the ordinary white or yellow phosphorus of commerce. There are upwards of 3,000 people, chiefly women and children at the present time employed in the manufacture of matches in this country, of which about 2,000, nearly all of whom are women and children, are to a considerable extent exposed to the effect of this volatile poison which they handle. Moreover, this is largely a shifting aggregation; the workmen change from time to time and there are undoubtedly many people living in this country at the present time whose health has been affected by this poison. Of course, a vast majority of such sufferers never come within range of official investigation or the statistics thereon founded. " ' Phossy jaw,' an outcome of the use of white phosphorus in the manufacture of matches, has been the subject of investigation in Europe for over seventy years, and has resulted in the prohibition of the use of white phosphorus in matches in thirteen European countries, including Denmark, Germany, France, England, Switzerland, the Netherlands and Italy; and in other countries stringent regulations have nearly extinguished the use of this poison. In Norway, for instance, there were only eighty-eight persons exposed to the danger in 1904 ; and in Denmark, since restrictive measures in 1894, there has been no case of ' phossy-jaw.' " Japan and this country seem to be the only ones now producing poisonous matches in a very large quantity, and in larger quantity than the non-poisonous variety. Non-poisonous matches can be made at an enhanced cost estimated at 5 to 7%. The safety matches which can be ignited only on the cover of the box, contain no phosphorus and the cover of the box contains only the harmless red phosphorus. Were this bill passed, the public would not notice any appreciable difference in the price of matches, nor the manufacturers, as a class, any appreciable difference in the profit of manufacture, but obviously if one state were to pass a prohibitory measure, it would handicap manufacturers in that state as against those in a state less regardful of the welfare of its citizens. " In conclusion I beg to state that a number of different palliative measures have been tried, and thoroughly tried, in many different countries, and have utterly broken down and must utterly break down, for physical and chemical causes into which I have not time here to enter. The proposed measure cannot fail to abolish the evil by making the use of white phosphorus unprofitable in the manufacture of matches in this country.
doi:10.1056/nejm191202081660614 fatcat:6fkbubo3kvhmdorxtqwk23vpgy