Breastfeeding Practices and Infant Development during the first six months of life, New Cairo City

2016 The Egyptian Journal of Community Medicine  
Breastfeeding is the optimal way of providing ideal food for the healthy growth of infants. However, successful breastfeeding initiation and continuation required a technique that is effective and comfortable for both mother and infant. Scares researches were conducted to describe this technique with no consensus or sufficient evidence regarding the recommended positions, baby holding, and latchingon. Objective: This study was aiming to describe breastfeeding technique, its contributing
more » ... and its effect on infants' development during the first six months of life. Methodology: One hundred twenty three nursing mothers were selected out of those coming for immunization or for follow up in the well-baby clinic of a primary healthcare unit in "Etagamoh Al-Awal", New Cairo. Women were interviewed to inquire about the prefered breastfeeding positions, baby holding and latching techniques with the use of show cards to help understanding. Mothers were observed as being nursing their babies in a private room to evaluate their techniques using an observation checklist. The technique was considered correct if the checklist score was five or more out of seven points. Infants' development was evaluated according to the WHO growth reference standards of weight and length. Results: The frequently used position was sitting (56.9%, 70/123) followed by side lying (22.8%, 28/123). The least were laid-back (11.4%, 14/123) and cross-legged sitting (8.9%, 11/123). The most frequently used holding method was cradle (27.6%, 34/123) and crosscradle (20.3%, 25/123). Football holding method was the least to be used (8.1%, 10/123). The commonest latching-on technique was the baby-led one (45.5%, 56/123). On observing mothers during nursing, correct technique was observed among 84.6% (104/123). Mothers were significantly practicing the correct technique with babies of the second birth-order or later more than with the first baby (95.1% versus 63.4, p value < 0.001, OR: 11.25, 95% CI: 3.14 -49.59). Mothers practicing correct technique was significantly more among normal weight than among underweight infants (91.5% versus 41.2%, p value < 0.001, OR: 15.4 9, 5% CI: 4.03 -59.2). The same apply with infants of Sahar K Kandil, et al Breastfeeding Practices and Infant Development
doi:10.21608/ejcm.2016.852 fatcat:qgb47dlobveefcyjzht3frclc4