The social scientific study of leadership: Quo vadis?

R House
1997 Journal of Management  
The social scientific study of leadership started in the early 1930s. Over the years, the cultivation of knowledge about this phenomenon has been cumulative. Trait, behavioral, contingency and neo-charismatic paradigms have contributed to the development of leadership studies. However, although many things are already known about leadership, deficiencies about the field of leadership research still abound because certain issues that are critical to leadership remain untouched by researchers.
more » ... se include managerial supervision, generic leader functions and specific leader functions, organizational context, diversity management, strategic leadership, leadership styles, cross cultural leadership, political leadership, management training and development, and universal or near universal effective leader behaviors . Information Integrity When the power motive is higher than the affiliative motive, individuals do not engage in the dysfunctional behaviors usually associated with high affiliation motivation -submissiveness, reluctance to monitor and discipline subordinates, and favoritism. Finally, when the self-aggrandizing tendency usually associated with high power motivation is inhibited by a high concern for morally
doi:10.1016/s0149-2063(97)90037-4 fatcat:gfbxsbb2lrghfbb7aa2oldt6oy