Combining Targeted IASTM Applications and Neuromuscular Exercises can Correct forward Head Posture and Improve Functionality of Patients with Mechanical Neck Pain: A Randomized Control Study [post]

Konstantinos Mylonas, Pavlos Angelopoulos, Evdokia Billis, Elias Tsepis, Konstantinos Fousekis
2020 unpublished
Backround: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short- and long-term effects of the combined application of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) techniques, and neuromuscular exercises of the cervical and thoracic area on the improvement of the functionality of patients with mechanical neck pain and accompanying forward head posture (FHP).Methods: Twenty patients with neck pain and FHP were randomized and received eight treatment sessions of either targeted IASTM in
more » ... ination with neuromuscular exercises (Group A), or classical massage and the same set of exercises (Group B). The cervical vertebral angle, cervical range of motion (ROM) and strength, and pain and disability were measured throughout the treatment period and in the two and four week post-treatment period.Results: The combined application of IASTM and neuromuscular exercise (Group A) contributed to a significant improvement in FHP and disability. Both interventions improved cervical ROM and strength in the short term. Pain was also improved for both groups in both short and long term.Conclusions: Combining IASTM and exercises for the cervical and thoracic area can induce positive postural adaptations and improve the neck pain patient's functional status.Trial registration: ISRCTN, ISRCTN54231174. Registered 19 March 2020 - Retrospectively registered, https://doi.org/10.1186/ISRCTN54231174
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-57326/v1 fatcat:l5tohvvqbbhgbkcwhvtsy233za