Optimal Iso-Surfaces

Carlos Andújar, Pere Brunet, Antoni Chica, Isabel Navazo, Jarek Rossignac, Álvar Vinacua
2004 Computer-Aided Design and Applications  
Since the publication of the original Marching Cubes algorithm, numerous variations have been proposed for guaranteeing water-tight constructions of triangulated approximations of iso-surfaces. Most approaches divide the 3D space into cubes that each occupies the space between eight neighboring samples of a regular lattice. The portion of the iso-surface inside a cube may be computed independently of what happens in the other cubes, provided that the constructions for each pair of neighboring
more » ... ir of neighboring cubes agree along their common face. The portion of the iso-surface associated with a cube may consist of one or more connected components, which we call sheets. We distinguish three types of decisions in the construction of the iso-surface connectivity: (1) how to split the X-faces, which have alternating in/out samples, (2) how many sheets to use in a cube, and (3) how to triangulate each sheet. Previously reported techniques make these decisions based on local criteria, often using pre-computed look-up tables or simple construction rules. Instead, we propose global strategies for optimizing several topological and combinatorial measures of the isosurfaces: triangle count, genus, and number of shells. We describe efficient implementations of these optimizations and the auxiliary data structures developed to support them.
doi:10.1080/16864360.2004.10738293 fatcat:krpoiuzkergjfo2jovfuhjvqfi