A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2021; you can also visit <a rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/pdf/2104.09204v2.pdf">the original URL</a>. The file type is <code>application/pdf</code>.
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Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have found widespread commercial, civilian, and military applications. Wireless communication has always been one of the core technologies for UAV. However, the communication capacity is becoming a bottleneck for UAV to support more challenging application scenarios. The heavily-occupied sub-6 GHz frequency band is not sufficient to meet the ultra high-data-traffic requirements. The utilization of the millimeter-wave (mmWave) frequency bands is a promising<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2104.09204v2">arXiv:2104.09204v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/rbywt5p7uzhhzg3hbc7tnln45q">fatcat:rbywt5p7uzhhzg3hbc7tnln45q</a> </span>
more »... on for UAV communications, where large antenna arrays can be packed in a small area on the UAV to perform three-dimensional (3D) beamforming. On the other hand, UAVs serving as aerial access points or relays can significantly enhance the coverage and quality of service of the terrestrial mmWave cellular networks. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive survey on mmWave beamforming enabled UAV communications and networking. The technical potential of and challenges for mmWave-UAV communications are presented first. Then, we provide an overview on relevant mmWave antenna structures and channel modeling. Subsequently, the technologies and solutions for UAV-connected mmWave cellular networks and mmWave-UAV ad hoc networks are reviewed, respectively. Finally, we present open issues and promising directions for future research in mmWave beamforming enabled UAV communications and networking.
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