Reconstructing Border Societies on the Triplex Confinium in the 20th Century [chapter]

Alfred J. Rieber
2019 Zbornik Drage Roksandića  
reConstruCting borDer soCieties on the TRIPLEX CONFINIUM in the 20 th Century is article builds on the work of Professor Drago Roksandić concerning the Triplex Con nium, by expanding the temporal and spatial dimensions of his interpretive insights into the 20 th century. Although the Venetian Republic in 1797 disappeared as one of the three original participants in the Triplex Con nium, the basic elements of a tripartite struggle for hegemony over the region remained. e rivalry between the
more » ... ry between the Habsburg and Ottoman Empires continued and the Venetian Republic was replaced as the third component by the South Slav movements. e essay seeks to place competing centers of power in a diverse geographic and demographic setting, both of which were essential elements in the formation and prolongation of a Triplex Con nium border. With the coming of the Second World War, once again the cast of characters in the competition over the Triplex Con nium border changed. Mussolini's imperial vision drew heavily on the historical precedent of the Venetian Republic. He sought to turn the Adriatic into an Italian lake by dominating rst Albania and then the Dalmatian coast as the key to access to the Mediterranean. Hitler's imperial vision drew upon the Habsburg policies of settling Germans in Slovenia and Vojvodina, seeking to create a southern bulwark against the Slavs through empowering the Volksdeutsch and germanization receptive elements in the hybrid population of the region. As the successor to the Illyrian movement radically transformed by the adoption of Marxist-Leninist ideology, the Partisan movement led by Josip Broz-Tito consistently represented itself as a Yugoslav movement committed to the creation of a federation of Slovenes, Croats, Serbs, Bosnians and Macedonians in which no one nationality would predominate. e essay explores the other participants among the South Slavic population (and Albanians) in the civil war. In Yugoslavia it was a result of an encounter between the rivalry of external powers and the internal tensions generated by war, replicating persistent patterns from the period of the Triplex Con nium.
doi:10.17234/9789531759021.10 fatcat:e243vwayevf6tj2vu5gwsf54g4