The Role of Subjects of Migration Process in Solving Migrant Health Problems
DEMIS. Demographic Research
The article is devoted to the issues of regulating the health of migrants. The goal of the study is to identify the potential for solving migrant health problems with the participation of all stakeholders. The theoretical and methodological basis of the study is the theory of transnationalism and migration bridges by S. V. Ryazantsev. The main content of the article is based on an analytical review of foreign and Russian scientific sources, as well as understanding the subjectivity of the
... g countries and the migrants themselves based on the results of mapping migration from Transnistria and the Republic of Moldova. The research analyzes the effects of migrants' health for three subjects of the migration process, and differentiates the factors for ensuring migrants' health depending on sending and receiving countries, as well as the migrants themselves. The author concludes that migrant health problems have a negative impact on all subjects of the migration process, and their solution is in the interaction of the three indicated sides of the migration process. The directions of work of the subjects of the migration process in ensuring the health of migrants are formulated. The case of the subjectivity of the Republic of Moldova as a country of departure of migrants and Moldovan migrants abroad in solving the health problems of migrants is described. An uneven reflection of the health problem of migrants by subjects of the migration process is revealed. The prospects of further research are aimed at: monitoring the effects of migrant health on all participants of the migration process; analyzing the impact of emigration on health care system and population health in the countries of origin; ethno-cultural analysis of the behavior of various migrant communities in the healthcare sector; describing successful cases of migrant communities and countries of origin of migrants in solving migrant health problems. The results of the study might be used for the development of migration policies with the participation of sending and receiving countries and the migrant community.