Meta-Analysis of cortical inhibitory interneurons markers landscape and their performances in scRNA-seq studies [article]

Lorenzo Martini, Roberta Bardini, Stefano Di Carlo
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
The mammalian cortex contains a great variety of neuronal cells. In particular, GABAergic interneurons, which play a major role in neuronal circuit function, exhibit an extraordinary diversity of cell types. In this regard, single-cell RNA-seq analysis is crucial to study cellular heterogeneity. To identify and analyze rare cell types, it is necessary to reliably label cells through known markers. In this way, all the related studies are dependent on the quality of the employed marker genes.
more » ... refore, in this work, we investigate how a set of chosen inhibitory interneurons markers perform. The gene set consists of both immunohistochemistry-derived genes and single-cell RNA-seq taxonomy ones. We employed various human and mouse datasets of the brain cortex, consequently processed with the Monocle3 pipeline. We defined metrics based on the relations between unsupervised cluster results and the marker expression. Specifically, we calculated the specificity, the fraction of cells expressing, and some metrics derived from decision tree analysis like entropy gain and impurity reduction. The results highlighted the strong reliability of some markers but also the low quality of others. More interestingly, though, a correlation emerges between the general performances of the genes set and the experimental quality of the datasets. Therefore, the proposed method allows evaluating the quality of a dataset in relation to its reliability regarding the inhibitory interneurons cellular heterogeneity study.
doi:10.1101/2021.11.03.467049 fatcat:lc7kd7rdkncrtgyppneuzkfpuu