Effect of Diet Physical Form on Performance and Diet Digestibility in Finishing Fat-Tailed Lambs Effect of Diet Physical Form in Lambs

H Gholami, A Khadem, A Assadi-Alamouti, E Kaikhosravi
2017 Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science   unpublished
This study was conducted in two experiments to evaluate the dietary physical form on dry matter intake (DMI), performance, carcass traits and nutrient digestibility from Kalkuhy (an Iranian fat-tailed breed) male lambs. Initial lamb body weight (BW) average was, 32 .81 ± 2 kg, and 110 ± 10 days of age. Three treatments (diet physical form) included T1: total mixture diet (TMR) mixed diet (MD), T2: TMR blocked diet (BD) and T3: TMR pellet diets (PD) that were compared in completely randomized
more » ... ign. Diets had similar composition (80% concentrate to 20% forage). Average DMI of lambs fed by BD was significantly greater than MD diet (P<0.05). Average daily gain of lambs fed by BD was significantly greater than lambs fed MD and PD diets (P<0.05). Hot carcass and fat-tail lamb weights fed the BD treatment were significantly greater than lambs fed MD treatment (P<0.05). Nutrient digestibility was not affected by treatments. Dry matter, organic matter (OM) and crude protein (CP) digestion were not significantly greater for BD. In conclusion, blocking the complete diet for finishing fat-tailed lambs did not change final weight, feed conversion ratio (FCR) and nutrient digestibility, but increased DM intake, which in turn resulted in an increased energy available for fattening. As a result, lambs fed the BD treatment had heavier fat-tails compared to lambs fed either the PD or MD treatments. Hence, TMR block diet (BD) use for fattening Kalkuhy (Iranian fat-tailed breed) male lambs when providing them ad libitum access to feed wasn't recommended. KEY WORDS block, digestibility, Kalkuhy (Iranian fat-tailed breed) male lambs, pellet, physical form effect.