A NEW STAR IN AQUILA

E. C. PICKERING
1900 Science  
On the eastern side of the island the fauna is richer, species and individuals more numerous than on the west coast ; in the former tract, moreover, the fauna is markedly benthonic, in the latter planktonic. These contracts are referred to the action of currents. While Gulf Stream water occupies the sea west and north of Spitzbergen it is intimately mixed with the cold water of the polar current on the east. In this zone of mixture the stenothermic and stenohalinic organisms of the plankton are
more » ... of the plankton are killed, and thus furnish an abundant rain of food for the bottom forms. So thickly planted were the hydroids and bryozoa that at times the heavy dredge did not penetrate to the true bottom at all, but came up full of these organisms. A table of hydrographical observations appears in the narrative of the voyage.
doi:10.1126/science.12.290.116 pmid:17789894 fatcat:nobayivsb5g6do5fpcz4ywioy4