Surface Topography Measurements Over The 1 Meter To 10 Micrometer Spatial Period Bandwidth

Peter Z. Takacs, Karen Furenlid, Robert A. DeBiasse, Eugene L. Church, John E. Greivenkamp, Matthew Young
1989 Surface Characterization and Testing II  
A recently-developed long-trace surface profiling instrument (LTP) is now in operation in our laboratory measuring surface profiles on grazing incidence aspheres and also conventional optical surfaces. The LTP characterizes surface height profiles in a non-contact manner over spatial periods ranging from 1 meter (the maximum scan length) to 2 mm (the Nyquist period for 1 mm sampling period) and complements the range of our WYKO NCP-1000 2SX surface roughness profiler (5 mm to 9.8 /un). Using
more » ... se two instruments, we can fully characterize both figure and finish of an optical surface in the same way that we normally characterize surface finish, e.g., by means of the power spectral density function in the spatial frequency domain. A great deal of information about the distribution of figure errors over various spatial frequency ranges is available from this data, which is useful for process control and predicting performance at the desired wavelength and incidence angle. In addition, the LTP is able to measure the absolute radius of curvature on long-radius optics with high precision and accuracy. Angular errors in the optical head are measured in real time by an electronic autocollimator as the head traverses the linear air bearing slide. Measurements of kilometer radius optics can be made very quickly and the data analyzed in a format that is very easy to understand.
doi:10.1117/12.962824 fatcat:q2bghuzhqbbk7mbp5zgpbl77bu