Cartilage ablation studies using mid-IR free electron laser

Jong-In Youn, George M. Peavy, Vasan Venugopalan, Thomas P. Ryan
2005 Thermal Treatment of Tissue: Energy Delivery and Assessment III  
The ablation rate of articular cartilage and fibrocartilage (meniscus), were quantified to examine wavelength and tissue-composition dependence of ablation efficiency for selected mid-infrared wavelengths. The wavelengths tested were 2.9 µm (water dominant absorption), 6.1 (protein and water absorption) and 6.45 µm (protein dominant absorption) generated by the Free Electron Laser (FEL) at Vanderbilt University. The measurement of tissue mass removal using a microbalance during laser ablation
more » ... ng laser ablation was conducted to determine the ablation rates of cartilage. The technique can be accurate over methods such as profilometer and histology sectioning where tissue surface and the crater morphology may be affected by tissue processing. The ablation efficiency was found to be dependent upon the wavelength. Both articular cartilage and meniscus (fibrocartilage) ablations at 6.1 µm were more efficient than those at the other wavelengths evaluated. We observed the lowest ablation efficiency of both types of cartilage with the 6.45 µm wavelength, possibly due to the reduction in water absorption at this wavelength in comparison to the other wavelengths that were evaluated.
doi:10.1117/12.585365 fatcat:u5mqycmosvbc5j2wdoswcalhrm