Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors of Mortality Among Severe COVID-19 Patients
Background:The novel corona virus is attacking several millions of people worldwide, resulting in death of almost a million and a half-humans. The rational of the current study was to detect clinical characteristics of severe COVID- 19 patients, and assessment of risk factors for death.Methodology:This retrospective cohort study included all laboratory confirmed COVID-19 patients with severe disease admitted to critical care unit in June and July 2020. All recorded data were collected,which
... uded clinincal, radiological, and laboratory data, in addition to the outcome and duration of ICU stay.Statistical analysis was performed for obtaining descriptive information, comparison between living and dead patients,in addition to regression analysis to identify risk factors for mortality.Results:One hundred and three patients were included in the current study;cough and fever were the most common clinical presentations, and bilateral ground glass opacity was the most common radiological presentation. Patients had elevated values of neutrophils, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR), serum ferritin, CRP, and D-dimer, also had longer ICU stay ,with reduced values of lymphocytes, and PaO2/FIO2 ratio. Most of these variables were more exaggerated in dead patients compared to living ones. Older age, lower values of PaO2/FIO2 ratio, and higher values of neutrophils, NLR, and D-dimer were predictors for death.Conclusion: Cough, fever and bilateral ground glass opacity were the most common clinical and radiological presentation of severe COVID 19. Older age, lower value of PaO2/FIO2 ratio, and higher values of D- dimer, neutrophil and NLR were risk factors associated with increased risk of mortality.