Pendidikan Islam Inklusif-Multikultural dalam Perspektif Teori Gestalt

Mohamad Yasin Yusuf
2014 Ta'allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam  
Islamic education is mostly dominated by the inherited construction of classical-scholastic epistemology where there is less appreciation of the dynamics and development of life which are increasingly complex and diverse. Many religious groups have the ideology leading to the truth which is excessive, unilateral, and exclusive. This is the reason why it is important to develop a paradigm of inclusive-multicultural education, the process of developing the full potential of human beings who
more » ... an beings who appreciate plurality and heterogeneity as a consequence of the diversity of cultural, ethnic, tribal and flow (religion). At this point, Gestalt theory can be used as a surgical glasses in viewing the problem. According to Gestalt theory, diversity is a part / piece of totality that must be construed as a whole, not simply interpreted in bits and pieces. Overall, it would be more meaningful than just a piece or pieces that are not obscure. Therefore, understanding pluralistic inclusive life will give understanding of exclusion in Islamic education. Kata Kunci: Pendidikan Islam, Inklusif-Multikultural, Teori Gestalt Pendahuluan Praktek kekerasan yang mengatasnamakan agama, dari fundamentalisme, radikalisme, hingga terorisme, akhir-akhir ini semakin marak di tanah air. Berbagai indikator yang memperlihatkan adanya tandatanda perpecahan bangsa, dengan transparan mudah kita baca. Konflik di Ambon, Papua, maupun Poso, dan terakhir kasus kekerasan pada jamaah aliran Syiah di Sampang Madura seperti api dalam sekam, sewaktu-waktu bisa meledak, walaupun berkali-kali bisa diredam. Peristiwa tersebut, bukan saja telah banyak merenggut korban jiwa, tetapi juga telah menghancurkan ratusan tempat ibadah. Bila kita amati, nilai etis universal dari agama seharusnya dapat menjadi pendorong bagi umat manusia untuk selalu menegakkan perdamaian dan meningkatkan kesejahteraan bagi seluruh umat di bumi ini. Namun,
doi:10.21274/taalum.2014.2.2.195-214 fatcat:rhil26vcdjhwpkdb3olsy27kc4