Assessment of the Factors that Contribute to Lymphoma's Patient in Hematology Wards at Baghdad Teaching Hospitals. العوامل تقييم ا لمساهم ة لإلصابة الدم امراض ردهات في اللمفية االورام مرضى لدى التعليمية بغداد لمستشفيات
112-KUFA JOURNAL FOR NURSING SCIENCES
The factors and conditions that contribute to any disease, such as Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and anyone and may include genetic which are related to the characteristics of genes, as well as factors associated with the environment or lifestyle and circumstances Life, such as smoking and poor nutrition or obesity or alcohol abuse or working conditions (such as the constant exposure to radioactive materials). Objectives: the study aims to assess the factors that contribute to lymphoma's
... ent in Hematology wards and to find out the relationship between the factor of lymphoma's patient and some variables like (Age, Gender, Marital Status, Occupational Status, Education Status, Ownership of Housing, Body mass Index (BMI)) Methodology s: A descriptive study was started from 4 th October 2014 to 5 th May 2015. Non-probability sample of (32) Lymphoma patients who in hematology wards at (4) Baghdad Teaching Hospitals. The data (questionnaire) were collected from 3 rd April to 4 th May of 2015; by interviewed technique used which include two parts: Part 1: Patients' demographic characteristics which include (7) items. Part 2: Include (14) item medical information for study samples at hematology wards. Validity of the instruments was determined through use of panel of (10) experts, the reliability of the tool determined (r = 0.92) which was adequately reliable. A pilot study was conducted on a purposive sample of (10) patients which were selected from Baghdad Teaching Hospital in hematology ward. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistical measures which included frequencies, percentages; mean of score (Severity) as well as the use of inferential statistical measures which include correlation and reliability coefficient for the Pilot study were used for the data analysis under application of the statistical package of social science (SPSS) ver. (16). Results: the findings of the study indicated that more than half of patient' ages between (65 and above) years old who were males accounted for 18 (56.2%), and majority of the samples 14 (43.8%) who were obese and total mean of score for (14) studied items for Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkin lymphomas patients factors were (1.47) at moderate severity mean of score. The study indicated that there is a significant relationship between age group, gender, Body Mass Index and factor for Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma patient.-113-Conclusions: the study conclude that the obesity, smoking, genetic factor, exposure to radioactive materials, Immune deficiencies and Rheumatic disease are a major of the factors that contribute to Lymphoma. Recommendations: the study recommended that Specific health education program by the staff at ministry of health sabout lymphoma risk factors for patients. A booklet should be designated and distributed to all patients at hematology wards. Recommended MOH to reduce radiotherapy and chemotherapy staff work time or years of employment.