Superfluid fountain effect in a Bose-Einstein condensate

Tomasz Karpiuk, Benoît Grémaud, Christian Miniatura, Mariusz Gajda
2012 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
We consider a simple experimental setup, based on a harmonic confinement, where a Bose-Einstein condensate and a thermal cloud of weakly interacting alkali atoms are trapped in two different vessels connected by a narrow channel. Using the classical field approximation, as described in J. Phys. B 40, R1 (2007) and optimized in Phys. Rev. A 81, 013629 (2010) for an arbitrary trapping potential, we theoretically investigate the analog of the celebrated superfluid helium fountain effect. We show
more » ... n effect. We show that this thermo-mechanical effect might indeed be observed in this system. By analyzing the dynamics of the system, we are able to identify the superfluid and normal components of the flow as well as to distinguish the condensate fraction from the superfluid component. We show that the superfluid component can easily flow from the colder vessel to the hotter one while the normal component is practically blocked in the latter.
doi:10.1103/physreva.86.033619 fatcat:aymzlk77inhe5os2o665txvvni