Entanglement at finite temperatures in the electronic two-particle interferometer

P Samuelsson, I Neder, M Büttiker
2009 Physica Scripta  
In this work we discuss a theory for entanglement generation, characterization and detection in fermionic two-particle interferometers at finite temperature. The motivation for our work is provided by the recent experiment by the Heiblum group, Neder et al, Nature 448, 333 (2007), realizing the two particle interferometer proposed by Samuelsson, Sukhorukov, and Buttiker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 026805 (2004). The experiment displayed a clear two-particle Aharonov-Bohm effect, however with an
more » ... ude suppressed due to finite temperature and dephasing. This raised qualitative as well quantitative questions about entanglement production and detection in mesoscopic conductors at finite temperature. As a response to these questions, in our recent work, Samuelsson, Neder, and Buttiker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 106804 (2009) we presented a general theory for finite temperature entanglement in mesoscopic conductors. Applied to the two-particle interferometer we showed that the emitted two-particle state in the experiment was clearly entangled. Moreover, we demonstrated that the entanglement of the reduced two-particle state, reconstructed from measurements of average currents and current cross correlations, constitutes a lower bound to the entanglement of the emitted state. The present work provides an extended and more detailed discussion of these findings.
doi:10.1088/0031-8949/2009/t137/014023 fatcat:7725eapckfhhdbat2emwgdu3ha