Reliability of Hallux Rigidus Radiographic Grading System

Ryan C. Pate, John W. Fanning, Naomi N. Shields, Alexander C.M. Chong
2015 Kansas journal of medicine  
Introduction. The purpose of this study was to determine the inter- and intra-observer reliability of a clinical radiographic scale for hallux rigidus. Methods. A total of 80 patients were retrospectively selected from the patient population of two foot and ankle orthopaedic surgeons. Each corresponding series of radiographic images (weight-bearing anteroposterior, weight-bearing lateral, and oblique of the foot) was randomized and evaluated. Re-randomization was performed and the corresponding
more » ... radiograph images re-numbered. Four orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeons graded each patient, and each rater reclassified the re-randomized radiographic images three weeks later. Results. Sixty-one out of 80 patients (76%) were included in this study. For intra-observer reliability, most of the raters showed "excellent" agreement except one rater had a "substantial" agreement. For inter-observer reliability, only 14 out of 61 cases (23%) showed total agreement between the eight readings from the four surgeons, and 11 out of the 14 cases (79%) were grade 3 hallux rigidus. One of the raters had a tendency to grade at a higher grade resulting in poorer agreement. If this rater was excluded, the results demonstrated a "substantial" agreement by using this classification. Conclusion. The hallux rigidus radiographic grading system should be used with caution. Although there is an "excellent" level of intra-observer agreement, there is only "moderate" to "substantial" level of inter-observer reliability.
doi:10.17161/kjm.v8i4.11533 fatcat:36ycn7jtafbfjdfpdgqwnelary