Downregulation of the Polycomb-Associated Methyltransferase Ezh2 during Maturation of Hippocampal Neurons Is Mediated by MicroRNAs Let-7 and miR-124

Laura Guajardo, Rodrigo Aguilar, Fernando J. Bustos, Gino Nardocci, Rodrigo A. Gutiérrez, Brigitte van Zundert, Martin Montecino
2020 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Ezh2 is a catalytic subunit of the polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) which mediates epigenetic gene silencing through depositing the mark histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) at target genomic sequences. Previous studies have demonstrated that Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 (Ezh2) was differentially expressed during maturation of hippocampal neurons; in immature neurons, Ezh2 was abundantly expressed, whereas in mature neurons the expression Ezh2 was significantly reduced. Here, we
more » ... ort that Ezh2 is downregulated by microRNAs (miRs) that are expressed during the hippocampal maturation process. We show that, in mature hippocampal neurons, lethal-7 (let-7) and microRNA-124 (miR-124) are robustly expressed and can target cognate motifs at the 3′-UTR of the Ezh2 gene sequence to downregulate Ezh2 expression. Together, these data demonstrate that the PRC2 repressive activity during hippocampal maturation is controlled through a post-transcriptional mechanism that mediates Ezh2 downregulation in mature neurons.
doi:10.3390/ijms21228472 pmid:33187138 fatcat:7uqtorzf4bfxbb24755gwdkcnq