Equine herpesvirus 1 and neonatal foal mortality in northern India

S.C. TEWARI, P.C. SHARMA, S. PRASAD, Y.K. KAURA
1989 Rev Sci Tech Off Int Epizoot  
Tissue specimens including lung, liver and spleen obtained from 254 foals that died in the first few days of life were examined for equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1). Virus was isolated in lamb kidney cell cultures and viral antigen was detected in tissues by the gel diffusion and serum neutralisation tests, showing 228 of the foals (89.7%) to be positive for EHV-1. Near-term foals infected in utero with EHV-1 were born weak but alive. Many had secondary bacterial infections with Salmonella abortus
more » ... Salmonella abortus equi, Escherichia coli, Rhodococcus equi and Klebsiella.
doi:10.20506/rst.8.1.394 pmid:32731668 fatcat:kwu2mvkz4zgnbij7amozz44ueu