Pregnancy and Cancer: Cellular Biology and Mechanisms Affecting the Placenta

Melina de Moraes Santos Oliveira, Carla de Moraes Salgado, Lais Rosa Viana, Maria Cristina Cintra Gomes-Marcondes
2021 Cancers  
Cancer during pregnancy is rarely studied due to its low incidence (1:1000). However, as a result of different sociocultural and economic changes, women are postponing pregnancy, so the number of pregnant women with cancer has been increasing in recent years. The importance of studying cancer during pregnancy is not only based on maternal and foetal prognosis, but also on the evolutionary mechanisms of the cell biology of trophoblasts and neoplastic cells, which point out similarities between
more » ... ilarities between and suggest new fields for the study of cancer. Moreover, the magnitude of how cancer factors can affect trophoblastic cells, and vice versa, in altering the foetus's nutrition and health is still a subject to be understood. In this context, the objective of this narrative review was to show that some researchers point out the importance of supplementing branched-chain amino acids, especially leucine, in experimental models of pregnancy associated with women with cancer. A leucine-rich diet may be an interesting strategy to preserve physiological placenta metabolism for protecting the mother and foetus from the harmful effects of cancer during pregnancy.
doi:10.3390/cancers13071667 pmid:33916290 fatcat:344vsd24i5dqlb2vx653fhafxa