Monocular Vision-Based Robot Localization and Target Tracking

Bing-Fei Wu, Wang-Chuan Lu, Cheng-Lung Jen
2011 Journal of Robotics  
This paper presents a vision-based technology for localizing targets in 3D environment. It is achieved by the combination of different types of sensors including optical wheel encoders, an electrical compass, and visual observations with a single camera. Based on the robot motion model and image sequences, extended Kalman filter is applied to estimate target locations and the robot pose simultaneously. The proposed localization system is applicable in practice because it is not necessary to
more » ... the initializing setting regarding starting the system from artificial landmarks of known size. The technique is especially suitable for navigation and target tracing for an indoor robot and has a high potential extension to surveillance and monitoring for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with aerial odometry sensors. The experimental results present "cm" level accuracy of the localization of the targets in indoor environment under a high-speed robot movement.
doi:10.1155/2011/548042 fatcat:dq2xxg5z3zabfhzhx733haj7li