Cell adhesion and viability of human endothelial cells on electrospun polymer scaffolds

Claudia Matschegewski, Jörn-Bo Matthies, Niels Grabow, Klaus-Peter Schmitz
2016 Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering  
AbstractThe usage of electrospun polymer scaffolds is a promising approach for artificial heart valve design. This study aims at the evaluation of biological performance of nanofibrous polymer scaffolds poly(L-lactide) PLLA L210, PLLA L214 and polyamide-6 fabricated by electrospinning via analyzing viability, adhesion and morphology of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EA.hy926). Nanofibrous surface topography was shown to influence cell phenotype and cell viability according to the
more » ... ording to the observation of diminished cell spreading accompanied with reduced cell viability on nonwovens. Among those, highest biocompatibility was assessed for PLLA L214, although being generally low when compared to the planar control surface. Electrospinning was demonstrated as an innovative technique for the fabrication of advanced biomaterials aiming at guided cellular behavior as well as the design of novel implant platforms. A better understanding of cell–biomaterial interactions is desired to further improve implant development.
doi:10.1515/cdbme-2016-0006 fatcat:rqkokztzdjgtbh75cpoahvbvaa