Biosynthesis of Desthiobiotin in Cell-free Extracts of Escherichia coli1

C. H. Pai
1969 Journal of Bacteriology  
Cell-free extracts of Escherichia coli were active in catalyzing the synthesis of a biotin vitamer from 7,8-diaminopelargonic acid. The vitamer was identified as desthiobiotin on the basis of its chromatographic and electrophoretic characteristics and its biotin activities for a variety of microorganisms. The reaction was stimulated five-fold by bicarbonate, suggesting that an "active CO2" was incorporated into the carbonyl carbon of desthiobiotin. The enzyme was demonstrable in a wild-type
more » ... 2) and in all biotin mutants of E. coli that were tested, with the exception of a strain which was able to grow on desthiobiotin but not on diaminopelargonic acid. Furthermore, the enzyme was repressible by biotin in all of the strains tested. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the biosynthesis of desthiobiotin from 7, 8-diaminopelargonic acid is an obligatory step in the biosynthetic pathway of biotin in E. coli.
doi:10.1128/jb.99.3.696-701.1969 fatcat:j7c6tth5wjclvoqjl5mluf375e