Hierarchical Multi-Building And Multi-Floor Indoor Localization Based On Recurrent Neural Networks [article]

Abdalla Elmokhtar Ahmed Elesawi, Kyeong Soo Kim
2021 arXiv   pre-print
There has been an increasing tendency to move from outdoor to indoor lifestyle in modern cities. The emergence of big shopping malls, indoor sports complexes, factories, and warehouses is accelerating this tendency. In such an environment, indoor localization becomes one of the essential services, and the indoor localization systems to be deployed should be scalable enough to cover the expected expansion of those indoor facilities. One of the most economical and practical approaches to indoor
more » ... calization is Wi-Fi fingerprinting, which exploits the widely-deployed Wi-Fi networks using mobile devices (e.g., smartphones) without any modification of the existing infrastructure. Traditional Wi-Fi fingerprinting schemes rely on complicated data pre/post-processing and time-consuming manual parameter tuning. In this paper, we propose hierarchical multi-building and multi-floor indoor localization based on a recurrent neural network (RNN) using Wi-Fi fingerprinting, eliminating the need of complicated data pre/post-processing and with less parameter tuning. The RNN in the proposed scheme estimates locations in a sequential manner from a general to a specific one (e.g., building->floor->location) in order to exploit the hierarchical nature of the localization in multi-building and multi-floor environments. The experimental results with the UJIIndoorLoc dataset demonstrate that the proposed scheme estimates building and floor with 100% and 95.24% accuracy, respectively, and provides three-dimensional positioning error of 8.62 m, which outperforms existing deep neural network-based schemes.
arXiv:2112.12478v1 fatcat:a6r3ujnrmbd75mmaihxvurisle