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Achilles tendon xanthoma (ATX) is one of the typical features of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). The morphological evaluation of ATX by X-ray radiography is widely recognized; however, the utility of other imaging modalities remains unclear. We herein report two cases of FH in which Doppler ultrasound imaging demonstrated a microvascular flow in ATX that only rarely could be observed in normal Achilles tendons. Neoangiogenesis accompanies chronic inflammation and it may play an importantdoi:10.2169/internalmedicine.7326-21 pmid:34121008 fatcat:z2gtxy264zgmpntcnx33o75ly4