Stochastic Performance Modeling for Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance Consensus in Blockchain [article]

Fan-Qi Ma, Quan-Lin Li, Yi-Han Liu, Yan-Xia Chang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The practical Byzantine fault tolerant (PBFT) consensus mechanism is one of the most basic consensus algorithms (or protocols) in blockchain technologies, thus its performance evaluation is an interesting and challenging topic due to a higher complexity of its consensus work in the peer-to-peer network. This paper describes a simple stochastic performance model of the PBFT consensus mechanism, which is refined as not only a queueing system with complicated service times but also a
more » ... ent quasi-birth-and-death (QBD) process. From the level-independent QBD process, we apply the matrix-geometric solution to obtain a necessary and sufficient condition under which the PBFT consensus system is stable, and to be able to numerically compute the stationary probability vector of the QBD process. Thus we provide four useful performance measures of the PBFT consensus mechanism, and can numerically calculate the four performance measures. Finally, we use some numerical examples to verify the validity of our theoretical results, and show how the four performance measures are influenced by some key parameters of the PBFT consensus. By means of the theory of multi-dimensional Markov processes, we are optimistic that the methodology and results given in this paper are applicable in a wide range research of PBFT consensus mechanism and even other types of consensus mechanisms.
arXiv:2107.00183v1 fatcat:hpy73eztynaqnfaak5rnsdw44e