Produtividade científica e tecnológica nas infraestruturas de pesquisa brasileiras: uma abordagem baseada na interface entre CT
DIAS, A. A. Scientific and technological productivity in Brazilian research infrastructures: an approach based on the interface between S&T. 2017. 193 f. Tese (Doutorado) -Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, 2017. The objective of this research is to understand the knowledge production dynamics of Brazilian research infrastructures. The study used a sample of 1,756 infrastructures in which 7,714 researchers are
... searchers are allocated. A Multiple Correspondence Analysis was carried out followed by the Hierarchical Cluster Analysis, through which five clusters were identified. In general terms, the differences are concentrated in the composition of human capital, represented by the participation of permanent researchers, postgraduate students and technicians, and in the scope of activities performed by the infrastructures. Clusters 1 and 2 are characterized by having a smaller human capital structure than clusters 3, 4 and 5 and proportionally have a smaller number of doctors in the permanent researchers framework. In the infrastructures of clusters 3, 4 and 5, the participation of postgraduate students constitutes the main composition of human capital, reflecting on a larger scale. They also perform multiple activities and especially in clusters 4 and 5 activities related to science and technology are performed with greater intensity. It was found that, based on capital and labor, the infrastructures of clusters 3 and 4 have a scientific production by 769% and 484% higher than cluster 1. And although cluster 1 has registered a higher technological productivity, the infrastructures of cluster 4 are among those with the highest levels of patent filing. In addition, it was found that scientific production would not only make the infrastructures more predisposed to patent, but would also impact on higher technological productivity. It has also been concluded that scientific productivity is determined by capital and labor, while technological productivity is determined only by labor. However, while permanent and non-permanent researchers positively impact scientific productivity, technological productivity is determined only by permanent researchers. These evidences suggest that the Brazilian postgraduate structure is more focused on scientific production. Next, I mapped the inventors, from which two collaborative networks were produced: one that included their co-invention links and another that included their co-authorship links. From a multinomial logit model with ordered results, it was possible to analyze the association between the clusters and the importance that the inventors have in both networks. The inventors belonging to the infrastructures of clusters 3 and 4 are more likely to occupy central positions in both scientific and technological collaboration networks. Thus, infrastructures that combine human capital consisting of an expressive participation of non-permanent researchers, a team of permanent researchers with predominance of doctors although little representative in the human capital structure and engaged in the activities of teaching, research and technological development, would be associated with greater capacity for articulation between science and technology.