Prediction of individual response to platinum/paclitaxel combination using novel marker genes in ovarian cancers

M. Komatsu
2006 Molecular Cancer Therapeutics  
We attempted to identify potent marker genes using a new statistical analysis and developed a prediction system for individual response to platinum/paclitaxel combination chemotherapy in ovarian cancer patients based on the hypothesis that expression analysis of a set of the key drug sensitivity genes for platinum and paclitaxel could allow us to predict therapeutic response to the combination. From 10 human ovarian cancer cell lines, genes correlative in the expression levels with
more » ... s of cisplatin (CDDP) and paclitaxel were chosen. We first selected five reliable prediction markers for the two drugs from 22 genes already known as sensitivity determinants and then identified another 8 novel genes through a twodimensional mixed normal model using oligomicroarray expression data. Using expression data of genes quantified by real-time reverse transcription-PCR, we fixed the best linear model, which converted the quantified expres-sion data into an IC 50 of each drug. Multiple regression analysis of the selected genes yielded three prediction formulae for in vitro activity of CDDP and paclitaxel. In the same way, using the same genes selected in vitro, we then attempted to develop prediction formulae for progression-free survival to the platinum/paclitaxel combination. We therefore constructed possible formulae using different sets of 13 selected marker genes (5 known and 8 novel genes): Utility confirmation analyses using another nine test samples seemed to show that the formulae using a set of 8 novel marker genes alone could accurately predict progression-free survival (r = 0.683; P = 0.042). [Mol Cancer Ther 2006;5(3):767 -75]
doi:10.1158/1535-7163.mct-05-0408 pmid:16546992 fatcat:avqnoq5pb5aypohagoi7yhuoy4