The Landscape of Exascale Research

Stijn Heldens, Pieter Hijma, Ben Van Werkhoven, Jason Maassen, Adam S. Z. Belloum, Rob V. Van Nieuwpoort
2020 ACM Computing Surveys  
The next generation of supercomputers will break the exascale barrier. Soon we will have systems capable of at least one quintillion (billion billion) floating-point operations per second (10 18 FLOPS). Tremendous amounts of work have been invested into identifying and overcoming the challenges of the exascale era. In this work, we present an overview of these efforts and provide insight into the important trends, developments, and exciting research opportunities in exascale computing. We use a
more » ... three-stage approach in which we (1) discuss various exascale landmark studies, (2) use data-driven techniques to analyze the large collection of related literature, and (3) discuss eight research areas in depth based on influential articles. Overall, we observe that great advancements have been made in tackling the two primary exascale challenges: energy efficiency and fault tolerance. However, as we look forward, we still foresee two major concerns: the lack of suitable programming tools and the growing gap between processor performance and data bandwidth (i.e., memory, storage, networks). Although we will certainly reach exascale soon, without additional research, these issues could potentially limit the applicability of exascale computing. CCS Concepts: • General and reference → Surveys and overviews; • Computer systems organization; • Hardware; • Software and its engineering;
doi:10.1145/3372390 fatcat:jhtwt7pxd5c5darhz75hiqgsnq