Extraction of Text Regions from Complex Background in Document Images by Multilevel Clustering

Hoai Nam Vu, Tuan Anh Tran, Na In Seop, Soo Hyung Kim
2016 International Journal of Networked and Distributed Computing (IJNDC)  
Textual data plays an important role in a number of applications such as image database indexing, document understanding, and image-based web searching. The target of automatic real-life text extracting in document images without character recognition module is to identify image regions that contain only text. These textual regions can then be either input of optical character recognition application or highlighted for user focusing. In this paper we propose a method which consists of three
more » ... nsists of three stages-preprocessing which improves contrast of grayscale image, multi-level thresholding for separating textual region from non-textual object such as graphics, pictures, and complex background, and heuristic filter, recursive filter for text localizing in textual region. In many of these applications, it is not necessary to identify all the text regions, therefore we emphasize on identifying important text region with relatively large size and high contrast. Experimental results on real-life dataset images demonstrate that the proposed method is effective in identifying textual region with various illuminations, size and font from various types of background.
doi:10.2991/ijndc.2016.4.1.2 fatcat:rvyar6ey3bcuxbuyy7g4ax7l3i