Assessing Africa's Agricultural TFP for Food Security and Effects on Human Development: Evidence from 35 Countries

Boima M. Bernard, Yanping Song, Sehresh Hena, Fayyaz Ahmad, Xin Wang
2022 Sustainability  
Population growth, food shortages, and low levels of human development have been longstanding issues confronting many African countries. Agricultural productivity remains a critical goal for mitigating these challenges and ensuring overall economic development. Total factor productivity (TFP) is a crucial metric for determining a sector's overall growth. However, due to a lack of comprehensive assessments of the trends and determinants of TFP growth in African agriculture, there are
more » ... s. Within the context of inclusive human development, the impact of agricultural productivity is frequently misrepresented in the current literature. This paper estimated TFP growth and assessed its impact on human development in Africa. Due to technological improvement, TFP increased moderately at a 5.4% growth rate across African countries over the period (2001–2019). Empirical evidence indicates that TFP growth enhances human development in the long run, but the effect varies according to levels of human development (HDI) and the nature of growth over time. For instance, higher levels of human development tend to mitigate the impact of TFP. Further analysis revealed that technical efficiency improvement is critical for enhancing food safety and human development. Policy recommendations for improving TFP for food security and human development in Africa are provided. Further investigation into agricultural TFP's impact beyond the poverty measure in Africa is encouraged.
doi:10.3390/su14116411 fatcat:yygypxeeena5ng4wcnmt6sqdgm