Angiotensin 1–7 mediates renoprotection against diabetic nephropathy by reducing oxidative stress, inflammation, and lipotoxicity

Jun Mori, Vaibhav B. Patel, Tharmarajan Ramprasath, Osama Abo Alrob, Jessica DesAulniers, James W. Scholey, Gary D. Lopaschuk, Gavin Y. Oudit
2014 AJP - Renal Physiology  
Oudit GY. Angiotensin 1-7 mediates renoprotection against diabetic nephropathy by reducing oxidative stress, inflammation, and lipotoxicity. The renin-angiotensin system, especially angiotensin II (ANG II), plays a key role in the development and progression of diabetic nephropathy. ANG 1-7 has counteracting effects on ANG II and is known to exert beneficial effects on diabetic nephropathy. We studied the mechanism of ANG 1-7induced beneficial effects on diabetic nephropathy in db/db mice. We
more » ... ministered ANG 1-7 (0.5 mg·kg Ϫ1 ·day Ϫ1 ) or saline to 5-mo-old db/db mice for 28 days via implanted micro-osmotic pumps. ANG 1-7 treatment reduced kidney weight and ameliorated mesangial expansion and increased urinary albumin excretion, characteristic features of diabetic nephropathy, in db/db mice. ANG 1-7 decreased renal fibrosis in db/db mice, which correlated with dephosphorylation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway. ANG 1-7 treatment also suppressed the production of reactive oxygen species via attenuation of NADPH oxidase activity and reduced inflammation in perirenal adipose tissue. Furthermore, ANG 1-7 treatment decreased lipid accumulation in db/db kidneys, accompanied by increased expressions of renal adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL). Alterations in ATGL expression correlated with increased SIRT1 expression and deacetylation of FOXO1. The upregulation of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 levels in diabetic nephropathy was normalized by ANG 1-7. ANG 1-7 treatment exerts renoprotective effects on diabetic nephropathy, associated with reduction of oxidative stress, inflammation, fibrosis, and lipotoxicity. ANG 1-7 can represent a promising therapy for diabetic nephropathy.
doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00655.2013 pmid:24553436 fatcat:gq5d2mkmzrgftoptfyw6tt7ifm