Computational study of scalar mixing in the field of a gaseous laminar line vortex
Physics of Fluids
A computational study of scalar mixing in a laminar vortex is presented for vortices generated between two gas streams ͑one seeded and another unseeded͒ flowing parallel to each other in a rectangular flow channel. An isolated line vortex is initiated by momentarily increasing one of the stream velocities in relation to the other in otherwise equal velocity, co-flowing streams separated upstream by a splitter plate. A detailed parametric study was conducted to determine the effects of vortex
... ffects of vortex strength, convection time, and nonuniform temperature on scalar mixing characteristics. A qualitative relationship was developed between the vortex and the convection Reynolds numbers to obtain a well-defined vortical structure. As it is well-known in the literature on mixing layers, the vortex initiation process creates an abundance of the fluid in the vortex core from the pulsed ͑or high speed͒ stream. Spatial mixing statistics are obtained in the vortex interaction domain by determining the scalar concentration probability density functions as well as the mean mixed fluid concentration and its variance. Computational results are found to be in excellent agreement with the experiments conducted in the same configuration by one of the authors. Both computations and experiments suggest that the interfacial area generation as a result of vortex interaction is primarily responsible for mixing augmentation at high vortex Reynolds numbers ͑Re v Ն 140͒. Effects of molecular diffusion become more important for weak vortices and at short convection times. Temperature ͑or density͒ ratio between co-flowing streams clearly affects the rate of growth of the vortices and this is consistent with the findings in nonuniform density mixing layers. Nonuniform temperatures result in a decrease of the mean mixed fluid concentration regardless of the stream from which the vortex is generated. The mean mixed fluid concentration in the vortex interaction region scales with the product of vortex Reynolds number and nondimensional convective time scale ͑or degree of stirring͒ and inversely with temperature ratio. Empirical correlations were developed for this parameter for vortices generated from either stream.