Iterative Construction of Cayley Expander Graphs

Eyal Rozenman, Aner Shalev, Avi Wigderson
2006 Theory of Computing  
We construct a sequence of groups G n , and explicit sets of generators Y n ⊂ G n , such that all generating sets have bounded size, and the associated Cayley graphs are all expanders. The group G 1 is the alternating group A d , the set of even permutations on the elements {1, 2, . . . , d}. The group G n is the group of all even symmetries of the rooted d-regular tree of depth n. Our results hold for any large enough d. We also describe a finitely generated infinite group G ∞ with generating
more » ... et Y ∞ , given with a mapping f n from G ∞ to G n for every n, which sends Y ∞ to Y n . In particular, under the assumption described above, G ∞ has property (τ) with respect to the family of subgroups ker( f n ). The proof is elementary, using only simple combinatorics and linear algebra. The recursive structure of the groups G n (iterated wreath products of the alternating group A d ) allows for an inductive proof of expansion, using the group theoretic analogue (of Alon et * The Hebrew university, Jerusalem. of the zig-zag graph product . The basis of the inductive proof is a recent result by Kassabov (2005) on expanding generating sets for the group A d . Essential use is made of the fact that our groups have the commutator property: every element is a commutator. We prove that direct products of such groups are expanding even with highly correlated tuples of generators. Equivalently, highly dependent random walks on several copies of these groups converge to stationarity on all of them essentially as quickly as independent random walks. Moreover, our explicit construction of the generating sets Y n above uses an efficient algorithm for solving certain equations over these groups, which relies on the work of Nikolov (2003) on the commutator width of perfect groups.
doi:10.4086/toc.2006.v002a005 dblp:journals/toc/RozenmanSW06 fatcat:wzjdosx6onf6zj3h4sbtduext4