Psychological literature: Epistemological

George H. Mead
1894 Psychological review  
2XO EPISTEMQLOGICAL. instrument and with the movements made in playing it thereupon. But that this is only one type among many is shown by the fact that musical recognition and expression may precede verbal recognition and expression in childhood, and may be retained when the subject has fallen a victim to verbal aphasia, either sensory or motor. That musical recall can be auditory is also shown by other facts, especially those which relate to the recall of pitch, v. Kries considers that the '
more » ... bsolute' recognition of a note's pitch is due to association with the note's name. Obviously it ends in this where the note is named ; but Prof. Baldwin suggests that the deeper basis of mere recognition and mere recall of a note and its pitch as something familiar consists in the revival of those motor associates of the note which are involved in adjusting the attention to it " When a presentation comes a second time into consciousness, it is adjusted to more easily because its apperception in attention proceeds upon a basis of ready-formed association. This relative ease of adjustment is felt as the subjective aspect of recognition." This article (like much of its author's writing) is in places deficient in perspicuity. But it is important, apart from its richness in details, because it offers a basis of mediation between the two theories of Recognition over which Hoffding and Lehmann have recently waged war. One theory, stated in its radical form, says that a thing looks familiar to us when it recalls to us its past self. The other theory says it looks or sounds familiar when it recalls its past surroundings The difficulty with the latter view is that the supposed surroundings fail to become explicitly conscious where the recognition is confined to the bare ' sense of familiarity.' How do we know, then, that they are at all tending to revive? But Prof. Baldwin, in making them sink to the level of the mere motor associates of former acts of attention, gives a good reason why our consciousness of them should be so indistinct and why at the same tune we should so unmistakably greet the sensory experience which they accompany as one already ' ours.' W. J. EPISTEMOLOGICAX,. Die moderne Energetik in ihrer Bedeutung fur die Erkenntnisskririk. KURD LASSWITZ. Philos. Mon., xxix. Hefte 1-4. The author adds in these articles another chapter to his history of modern atomism. 41 He had reached in his history the conclusion that physics find in the kinetic atomism an ideal carrier for its details. • Gtuhickte der modernen Atomistik, K. Lasswitz, Hamburg, 1891.
doi:10.1037/h0066347 fatcat:bakyqt7vcbbt5mdwquhbhlmlce