The Effects of Job Embeddedness on Organizational Cynicism and Employee Performance: A Study on Sadat City University
International Journal of Business Administration
Purpose: Using a new construct, Job Embeddedness (JE), from the business management literature, this study examines the effects of JE on Organizational Cynicism (OC) and Employee Performance (EP) at Sadat City University. Research Design/Methodology: Using Mitchell et al., 2001 of JE, the study develops a number of hypotheses and tests them. Out of the 692 questionnaires that were distributed to employees at Sadat City University in Egypt, 400 usable questionnaires were returned, a response
... of 58%. Findings: The results showed that JE is related to the OC and EP. In other words, fit, links and sacrifice significantly correlated with OC and EP. This research outlined a strong relationship between JE, OC and EP. The study findings suggest that improving JE will have a positive impact EP. Practical implications: The study suggests that the University of Sadat City in Egypt can improve EP by influencing its JE, specifically, by developing fit, links and sacrifice. The study provided that it is necessary to pay more attention to the dimensions of JE as a key source for organizations to enhance the competitive advantage which is of prime significance for OC and EP. Originality/value: JE is valuable for evaluating employee retention in Sadat City University. The study observes that there is a critical shortage of JE and that a greater understanding of the factors that influence the EP, including fit, links and sacrifice, is of great importance. Therefore, this study is to examine the relationship between JE, OC and EP among employees at Sadat City University.