Gender and Self-Employment: Evidence from Rural China Gender and Self-Employment: Evidence from Rural China Gender and Self-Employment: Evidence from Rural China

Xiaobing Wang, Linghui Han, Jikun Huang, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle
2016 unpublished
The goal of this paper is to examine how has the expansion of the economy after 2000 affected rural off-farm labor market participation. Specifically, we seek to determine whether off-farm labor increased after 2000, what forms of employment are driving trends in off-farm labor, and whether gender differences can be observed in off-farm employment trends. Using a nationally representative dataset that consist of two waves of surveys done in 2000 and 2008 in six provinces, this paper finds that
more » ... s paper finds that off-farm labor market participation has continued to rise steadily in the early 2000s. However, there is a clear difference in the trends associated with occupational choice before and after 2000. Additionally, we find that rural off-farm employment trends were different for men and women. Our analysis also shows that the rise of wage-earning employment corresponds with an increasing unskilled wage for both men and women. Abstract: The goal of this paper is to examine how has the expansion of the economy after 2000 affected rural off-farm labor market participation. Specifically, we seek to determine whether off-farm labor increased after 2000, what forms of employment are driving trends in off-farm labor, and whether gender differences can be observed in off-farm employment trends. Using a nationally representative dataset that consist of two waves of surveys done in 2000 and 2008 in six provinces, this paper finds that off-farm labor market participation has continued to rise steadily in the early 2000s. However, there is a clear difference in the trends associated with occupational choice before and after 2000. Additionally, we find that rural off-farm employment trends were different for men and women. Our analysis also shows that the rise of wage-earning employment corresponds with an increasing unskilled wage for both men and women.
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