New advances in the treatment of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)

Debra Farver
2008 Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management  
Clostridium diffi cile infections (CDI) have increased in frequency throughout the world. In addition to an increase in frequency, recent CDI epidemics have been linked to a hypervirulent C. diffi cile strain resulting in greater severity of disease. Although most mild to moderate cases of CDI continue to respond to metronidazole or vancomycin, refractory and recurrent cases of CDI may require alternative therapies. This review provides a brief overview of CDI and summarizes studies involving
more » ... studies involving alternative antibiotics, toxin binders, probiotics, and immunological therapies that can be considered for treatment of acute and recurrent CDI in severe and refractory situations.
doi:10.2147/tcrm.s3145 fatcat:ul5seabborcbvc2pxkypplvzca