THE EFFECTS OF PRIVATIZATION ON AGRICULTURAL SUBSIDIES AND SMALLSCALE FARMING: THE CASE OF TURKEY (1998-2012)

NEVZAT EVRİM ÖNAL
2016 Beykoz Akademi Dergisi  
The agriculture sector of Turkey had gone through an evolutionary process of change in line with the general development path of capitalist economy starting from the first years after the establishment of the republic. The result of this process was a structure in which large and small scale producers coexisted in the sector. Until the last years of the 20th century, the main element that held this structure together had been the agricultural subsidies provided by the state. These subsidies
more » ... These subsidies somewhat lessened the unpredictability and the adverse effects of the market on producers and provided incentive to increase production. Nevertheless, these subsidies came to be seen as an item of spending that needs to be done away with by mid-1990's when public sector economy first became financially unstable, then unsustainable. The structural adjustment agenda started in 1999 by the government with consultation from IMF was resumed under the name Strengthening the Turkish Economy and the state system of agricultural subsidies was almost completely dismantled in this period. An important method in this process was the privatization of public institutions that were used in subsidizing the sector. This paper will study the results and impacts on agricultural employment of this dismantling.
doi:10.14514/byk.m.21478082.2016.4/2.1-19 fatcat:wl65rmcpgzdhpnnxhydqpqzsqy