TMEM106B in humans and Vac7 and Tag1 in yeast are predicted to be lipid transfer proteins [article]

Tim P Levine
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
TMEM106B is an integral membrane protein of late endosomes and lysosomes involved in neuronal function, its over-expression being associated with familial frontotemporal lobar degeneration, and under-expression linked to hypomyelination. It has also been identified in multiple screens for host proteins required for productive SARS-CoV2 infection. Because standard approaches to understand TMEM106B at the sequence level find no homology to other proteins, it has remained a protein of unknown
more » ... ion. Here, the standard tool PSI-BLAST was used in a non-standard way to show that the lumenal portion of TMEM106B is a member of the LEA 2 domain superfamily. The non-standard tools (HMMER, HHpred and trRosetta) extended this to predict two yeast LEA 2 proteins in the lumenal domains of the degradative vacuole, equivalent to the lysosome: one in Vac7, a regulator of PI(3,5)P2 production, and three in Tag1 which signals to terminate autophagy. Further analysis of previously unreported LEA 2 structures indicated that LEA 2 domains have a long, conserved lipid binding groove. This implies that TMEM106B, Vac7 and Tag1 may all be lipid transfer proteins in the lumen of late endocytic organelles.
doi:10.1101/2021.03.12.435176 fatcat:vq6c3rfpujdtlaymushxnexnwq