EVOLUSI MANAJEMEN PERKEBUNAN INDONESIA EVOLUTION OF R&D MANAGEMENT: CHALLENGES FOR INDONESIAN AGRICULTURAL AND ESTATE CROPS SECTORS S A R I K A R A N G A N

Dan Penelitian, Pengembangan, Tantangan Bagi, Sektor Pertanian, Dan, Wati Hermawati, Sigit Kusbiantono, Surminah Setiawan, Penelitian Pusat, Ilmu Perkembangan, Pengetahuan, Teknologi -Lembaga Ilmu (+4 others)
unpublished
Development of the management of research and development (R&D) has experienced very rapid progress, especially in relation to win business opportunities at the global level. The evolution of R&D management at the global level now has up to the fifth-generation led to the sixth generation, which is characterized by the magnitude of dependence on the information and communication technology as well as the application of the principles of knowledge management in R&D activities. In order to know
more » ... e development of R&D management in Indonesia, the study focused on the agricultural and estate crops sectors. The analysis is performed against several criteria of operational R&D Management, which are characterized by their respective R&D generation. Results of the study showed that the majority of the operational criteria of R&D management in agriculture and estate crops sectors in Indonesia mostly are still at the third generation. Challenges of R&D facing in agriculture and estate crops sectors in entering a higher R&D generation is increasing capacity of researchers to become more professional as well as a self-managing knowledge workers, focusing on the user or providing solutions for all user problems', develop a broader job networking (network), an R&D organization that fosters continuous learning and transnational oriented by developing a more open communication and use ICT as an intelligent knowledge processors, as well as implement collaborative strategies in daily activities, and resulting patent/licences. Perkembangan manajemen penelitian dan pengembangan (Litbang) telah mengalami kemajuan yang sangat pesat, terutama dalam kaitannya dengan memenangkan peluang bisnis di tingkat global. Evolusi manajemen litbang di tingkat global saat ini telah sampai pada generasi kelima menuju pada generasi keenam, yang ditandai dengan besarnya ketergantungan terhadap teknologi informasi dan komunikasi serta penerapan prinsip-prinsip knowledge management dalam kegiatan litbang. Untuk mengetahui perkembangan manajemen litbang di Indonesia, studi difokuskan pada sektor pertanian dan perkebunan. Analisis dilakukan terhadap beberapa kriteria operasional manajemen litbang yang dicirikan oleh masing-masing generasi litbang. Hasil studi memperlihatkan bahwa mayoritas kriteria operasional manajemen litbang di sektor pertanian dan perkebunan di Indonesia masih berada pada generasi ketiga. Tantangan litbang yang dihadapi sektor pertanian dan perkebunan dalam memasuki generasi litbang yang lebih tinggi adalah pengembangan sumber daya peneliti menjadi lebih profesional serta bersifat self-managing knowledge workers, berfokus pada pengguna atau memberikan solusi atas semua permasalahan di tingkat pengguna yang memiliki orientasi penelitian yang dibutuhkan oleh pengguna/pasar,
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