The Tariff Commission and Its Operation with Reference to the Chemical Schedule
Journal of Industrial & Engineering Chemistry
products of the electric furnace. The textiles must have dyes. We must have chemicals for the refining of sugar and petroleum, for the manufacture of glass, pottery, paper, paints, and varnishes, rubber, and cement. The tanning industry leans heavily on the chemical industries. Agriculture gets from these industries its fertilizers. Medicinal and pharmaceutical products, toilet preparations, photographic materials, motion picture films, cleaning compounds, baking powder-to mention these among
... e many which suggest themselves reveals how close chemistry comes to our daily life. I n the problem of national defense it is a controlling factor. The factories that produce nitrogenous fertilizer in time of peace will yield us nitric acid in time of war; those producing intermediates and dyes can turn their machinery and workers to making explosives. Hard steels for shells and armor-plate are achievements of the electrochemists. I might go on enumerating cases illustrating the close relationship which exists between our chemical industries and our national interests. I have said enough, however, to indicate m y feeling. The healthy development of our chemical industries i s a matter of national concern. I t i s the duty of the Govbrnment to study its needs sympathetically. In turn, it i s not only your duty but your privilege to be business statesmen in solving your problems of production and distribulion-to plan not merely for profits but also for a national industrial system serviceable to the capdelist who invests, the worker who toils and the public that consumes. WAR AND THE FUTURE O F INDUSTRY f have spoken of some things this evening which, at Jfrrst glance, seem to have no bearing on the tariff problem. B u t our tariff problems, in so far as they touch production, are also industrial problems. They must be considered as a part of the more comprehensive task of the progressive development of our national life. The War in which we are now engaged will inevitably affect radically American industry. More than ever before conditions demand a constructive program, not merely for war but for peace. Modern war is in methods an economic as well as a military struggle. It is teaching us the value of cooperation. Society is learning its obligations to industry; industry is learning its obligations to society. We are relearning the old lesson that we can not under modern social conditions live to ourselves. Things which once were private matters are now admitted by all to be matters of public concern. It is not strange that many men are now wondering whether or not social cooperation, if it is good for national defense, is not equally good for the progressive development of our economic life after the War. Let us face these new problems with an open mind. Let us look forward not backward. Let US cooperate together in bringing from the fire of sacrifice, through which the world is passing to-day, more efficient methods of production, juster means of distribution, and a nation rededicated to righteousness and international fair,dealing.