Emerging Oncogenic Viruses in Head and Neck Cancers from Romanian Patients

Ramona Gabriela Ursu, Ionut Luchian, Nicolae Ghetu, Victor Vlad Costan, Ovidiu Stamatin, Octavian Dragos Palade, Costin Damian, Luminita Smaranda Iancu, Elena Porumb-Andrese
2021 Applied Sciences  
(1) Background: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) are some of the most frequent malignancies globally. Oncogenic viruses MCPyV, EBV and HPVs are recognized to be related to HNSCCs and skin cancers. There are no data from Romania regarding the involvement of herpes viruses and polyomaviruses in these types of cancer. We aim to evaluate the association of oncogenic viruses from Papillomaviridae, Herpesviridae, and Polyomaviridae families in HNSCCs and skin cancers. (2) Methods: A
more » ... al of 26 fresh tumors (6/26 women) were tested for 67 viral agents using a multiplex PCR genotyping assay. (3) Results: A total of 23/26 (88.5%) samples were positive for one or more viruses. All the tested tumors were negative for any HPV (alpha or beta types). In total, we detected as positive samples: 16 (61.63%) EBV1, 12 (46.15%) HHV7, 8 (30.76%) MCV, 6 (23.07%) CMV and HHV6, 2 (7.69%) HHV8, 1 (3.8%) HPyV6 and EBV2. (4) Conclusions: We detected HPV-negative cases that are HPyV and HHV positive. In these fractions of HPV-negative HNSCCs cases, other oncogenic viruses may be involved, such as EBV1, MCV or CMV. Additional research is required for clarifying the natural history of these viruses in HNSCCs, as virus detection would have a decisive impact on diagnostic and decisional algorithms.
doi:10.3390/app11199356 fatcat:odicdtqatzfwfixfvkp5hkymd4