Numerical study of unbounded capillary surfaces

Yasunori Aoki, Hans De Sterck
2014 Pacific Journal of Mathematics  
Unbounded capillary surfaces in domains with a sharp corner or a cusp are studied. It is shown how numerical study using a proposed computational methodology leads to two new conjectures for open problems on the asymptotic behavior of capillary surfaces in domains with a cusp. The numerical methodology contains two simple but important ingredients, a change of variable and a change of coordinates, which are inspired by known asymptotic approximations for unbounded capillary surfaces. These
more » ... dients are combined with the finite volume element or Galerkin finite element methods. Extensive numerical tests show that the proposed computational methodology leads to a global approximation method for singular solutions of the Laplace-Young equation that recovers the proper asymptotic behavior at the singular point, is more accurate and has better convergence properties than numerical methods considered for singular capillary surfaces before. Using this computational methodology, two open problems on the asymptotic behavior of capillary surfaces in domains with a cusp are studied numerically, leading to two conjectures that may guide future analytical work on these open problems. MSC2010: 35J25, 65N30, 76B45, 35J75.
doi:10.2140/pjm.2014.267.1 fatcat:3qbpq3xkmjd43goloa4ewzylqu