The Factors Predicting Secondary Displacement after Closed Reduction of Unstable Distal Radius Fracture
Journal of the Korean Society for Surgery of the Hand
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync/ 3.0/) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Purpose: It has been studied prognostic factors about secondary displacement after conservative treatment of the distal radius fracture, but each study showed different results. Authors
... s. Authors retrospectively evaluated factors known to be involved secondary displacement of the distal radius fracture to determine its significance. Methods: One hundred eighteen cases of the radiographically unstable distal radius fractures that closed reduction was adequately performed were retrospectively studied and the radiographic images were taken at 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 weeks after closed reduction. During follow-up, dorsal tilt more than 15°, volar tilt more than 20°, ulnar positive variance more than 4 mm, radial length less than 6 mm, radial inclination less than 10° were thought of the loss of reduction. Results: In 41 cases (34.7%), the loss of reduction occurred. Sex, intra-articular fracture, dorsal and volar comminution, concomitant ulnar fracture and involvement of the distal radio-ulnar joint were statistically not significant. Analysis results of the binomial logistic regression model were as follows: age (p=0.003), radial shortening (p=0.010) and ulnar positive variance (p=0.010) were statistically significant as the predictive prognostic factors. Analysis results of the multinomial logistic regression model showed age (p=0.006) as an only statistically significant factor. Conclusion: As the predictive prognostic factors for development of secondary displacement after conservative treatment of the unstable distal radius fracture, age was determined as most significant factor. Also radial shortening and ulnar positive variance were thought of the predictive factors for secondary displacement.