EVALUATION OF MULTI DRUG RESISTANCE TUBERCULOSIS IN JABALPUR DISTRICT OF MADHYA PRADESH PROVINCE OF INDIA
English

Jitendra Bhargava, Rahul Rai, Atul Setiya
2014 Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences  
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The disease of Tuberculosis (TB) is considered as old as history of mankind. Its eradication has remained an elusive dream for all governments and health care agencies. The emergence of the problem of Multi Drug Resistance strains of TB bacilli has compounded the misery, especially in developing countries. India has the highest burden of TB in the world, an estimated 2 million cases annually, and accounting for approximately one fifth of the global incidence. It is
more » ... incidence. It is estimated that about 40% of the Indian population is infected with TB bacteria, the vast majority of whom have latent rather than active TB disease. It is also estimated by the World Health Organization (WHO) that 300, 000 people die from TB each year in India. Drug resistant TB has frequently been encountered in India and its presence has been known virtually from the time anti TB drugs were introduced for the treatment of TB. The prevalence of multi drug resistant (MDR) TB has though been believed to be at a low level in most regions of the country. Various studies have found MDR TB levels of about 3% in new cases and around 12-17% in retreatment cases. However even if there is such a small percentage of cases it still translates in India into large absolute numbers. The present study was thus taken to evaluate the MDR Tuberculosis in and around Jabalpur District of Madhya Pradesh Province of India.
doi:10.14260/jemds/2014/3195 fatcat:fqumzxaeebax5mwvw5o3oilw5y