Original Article Influence of physical activity on the life quality of teachers

Jaroslav Broďáni, Lipárová
2016 Journal of Physical Education and Sport ® (JPES)   unpublished
The contribution presents the results of relation analysis between the frequency of physical activity during the week and fields of life quality of future teachers who are studying teaching in kindergartens and elementary schools, teachers who are already teaching in kindergartens, or teachers who teach in elementary schools in the first grade in Slovak republic. In the research took part teachers from Slovak republic (n=322), who were divided into groups according ontogenetic aspect. Life
more » ... ty was observed via modified questionnaire SQUALA and via the level of physical activity during the week concerning hours and the number of activities during the week. The data are presented by descriptive characteristics (n, M, SD) and by statistic importance of differences, let us say relations are regarded by non-parametric methods (W, U, r s) at levels of importance (p<,05, p<,20). The results showed the most numerous interactions between the physical activities during the week and the life quality areas at teachers in late adulthood who implement physical activities in M: 2.64-times per week at SD: 1,972 and by average number of M: 3.12 h, Introduction Nowadays the life quality is a big trend. It is examined from different angles, different perspectives and different scientific fields. The evaluation of life quality and interference into it shows an improvement on the physical and mental signs and symptoms of the individual and also form a common research agenda. Research and theory supporting the need to assess the quality of life we find in medicine, psychiatry, clinical psychology, behavioral medicine and gerontology (Frisch, 1998). For a proper evaluation of the quality of life and the well-designed questions, it is important to take into account the effects of disposal, adaptation, goals and coping strategies. It is also important to understand the interaction of psychological factors, living conditions, understand the cause of the road leading to happiness, to understand the process of elementary adaptation to events, and develop theories that explain why certain variables differently affect various components of the subjective perception of quality of life (Diener et al., 1999). Physical activity presents many advantages in the cycle of life. However, the level of physical activity is lacking in many populations. Effective interventions to support or maintain the activity levels of young people are therefore crucial for public health (Van Sluijs & Kriemler, 2016). One of the research of Gonzala Silvetreho & Ubilosa Landu (2016) considers physical activity as an important factor in assessing self-perception / self-awareness and life satisfaction. While physical self-perception and perceiving were proved to be the strongest factor in the effect of physical activity on the perception and evaluation of the quality of life by young women (18-45 years).By the physical activity Vancampfort et al. (2016) improved the quality of life even by people with bipolar disorder. It has been demonstrated that an active lifestyle reduces the risk and also the disease of the cardiovascular nature, and on the basis of the 10-questions the questionnaire and at the same time increased the quality of life by these people. By the aerobic interval training Isaksen et al. (2016) affected the quality of life for people with coronary artery disease. There was showed a significant effect of physical activity on physical well-being of these people. Psychological well-being was not significantly changed compared to the baseline condition. Multiple regression analysis showed that physical activity is an important indicator of the quality of life in young patients with cancer (Lam et al, 2016). The results provide further evidence that cancer and its treatment has a negative impact on physical and mental well-being and quality of life among patients. Health