Absorption of primary macronutrients and soybean growth at different compactation densities and moisture levels in a silt loam soil

Romano Roberto Valicheski, Suzi Mari Brandelero, David José Miquelutti, Sidnei Leandro K.Stürmer, Antonio Luis Tramonti, Marcos Cesar Franzão
2016 Revista Ceres  
Soybean cultivation is increasing rapidly in the region of Alto Vale do Itajaí, State of Santa Catarina, where there is a predominance of silt soils. The objective of this work was to evaluate the content of primary macronutrients in shoots and shoot and root vegetative growth of soybean (Glicine max L. Merrill) grown in a silt-loam soil under different compactation densities and moisture levels. A randomized block design in a 4x4 factorial arrangement was used, with four compactation
more » ... pactation densities: 1.00; 1.20; 1.40 and 1.60 Mg m-3, and four soil moisture levels: 0.130; 0.160; 0.190 and 0.220 kg kg-1 and four replications. Each pot consisted of the overlapping of three 150-mm PVC rings, where soil was maintained in the higher and lower part of the pot with a density of 1.00 Mg m-3 and in the intermediate ring, the compactation densities were increased. Values of soil density higher than 120 Mg m-3 negatively affected N, P and K uptake by soybean plants, as well as the plant mass of the shoots and roots. The higher levels of soil moisture reduced the compaction effect and promoted better absorption of P and K.
doi:10.1590/0034-737x201663020014 fatcat:kd2bbhkbdfa7ncymzego3kcuty